While it is accepted by modern critics that the name was originally Oldcastle in Part 1, it is disputed whether or not Part 2 initially retained the name, or whether it was always "Falstaff". Shakespeare's primary source for Henry IV, Part 2 , as for most of his chronicle histories, was Raphael Holinshed 's Chronicles ; the publication of the second edition in provides a terminus a quo for the play.
Edward Hall 's The Union of the Two Illustrious Families of Lancaster and York appears also to have been consulted, and scholars have also supposed Shakespeare to have been familiar with Samuel Daniel 's poem on the civil wars. Henry IV, Part 2 is believed to have been written sometime between and It is possible that Shakespeare interrupted his composition of Henry IV, Part 2 somewhere around Act 3—4, so as to concentrate on writing The Merry Wives of Windsor , which may have been commissioned for an annual meeting of the Order of the Garter , possibly the one held on 23 April The play was published in quarto the same year printing by Valentine Simmes.
Less popular than Henry IV, Part 1 , this was the only quarto edition. The play next saw print in the First Folio in The quarto's title page states that the play had been "sundry times publicly acted" before publication. Extant records suggest that both parts of Henry IV were acted at Court in —the records rather cryptically refer to the plays as Sir John Falstaff and Hotspur. A defective record, apparently to the Second part of Falstaff , may indicate a Court performance in Part 2 is generally seen as a less successful play than Part 1.
Its structure, in which Falstaff and Hal barely meet, can be criticised as undramatic. Some critics believe that Shakespeare never intended to write a sequel, and that he was hampered by a lack of remaining historical material with the result that the comic scenes come across as mere "filler". However, the scenes involving Falstaff and Justice Shallow are admired for their touching elegiac comedy, and the scene of Falstaff's rejection can be extremely powerful onstage.
The one-man hip-hop musical Clay is loosely based on Henry IV. In , the Michigan Shakespeare Festival produced an award-winning combined production, directed and adapted by Janice L. The Ultimate Edition of Monty Python and the Holy Grail features subtitles correlating scenes in the film to lines from the play.
A line from the play, "Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown", is frequently quoted and misquoted, as "Heavy is the head that wears the crown". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. February Views View View source History. This page was last edited on 6 February , at Game content and materials are trademarks and copyrights of their respective publisher and its licensors.
All rights reserved. This site is a part of Fandom, Inc. Support Contact PRO. Quest data. Required for Kappa. Mephistopheles introduces the three mighty men German: Die drey Gewaltigen consisting of Bullyboy, Grab-quick and Hold-tight "Raufebold", "Habebald", "Haltefest" , that should help to oppress the revolt and implement Faust's ambitious project. With the assistance of the three mighty men Faust achieves the victory for the Emperor. The three mighty men reveal dubious behaviours as looters, that cast a long shadow over their future services.
As a reward for his military service Faust gets a district at the beach to administer. An indefinite interval of time has passed since the end of the previous act, and Faust is now an old but powerful man favored by the king. Using dikes and dams to push back the sea, Faust has built a castle on the reclaimed land.
Upon seeing the hut of an old peasant couple Baucis and Philemon and a nearby chapel, Faust becomes irritated that these two structures do not belong to him, and orders to have them removed. Mephistopheles overinterprets Faust's orders by murdering the old couple. The personification of Care breathes upon Faust's eyes, and he becomes blind. Upon disclosing his plans to better the lives of his subjects, motivated perhaps out of guilt, he recognizes the moment of sheer bliss which he would seek to prolong and drops dead.
Mephistopheles believes Faust has lost his wager and tries to claim his soul. Angels suddenly appear, dropping rose-petals on the demons, who flee from the burning petals.
Mephistopheles, however, stands his ground, and, under the aphrodisiac influence of the roses, lusts after the angels, who meanwhile make off with Faust's soul. The scene abruptly changes to a wilderness inhabited by holy anchorites : "Mountain-gorges, Forest, Rock, Desert". Pater Profundus discloses the parable of nature, which is a harbinger of divine love. The angels bearing Faust's soul appear in heaven. Three biblical holy women, Magna Peccatrix the Great Sinneress, Luke , Mulier Samaritana the Samaritan woman, John 4 , and Maria Aegyptiaca Acta Sanctorum , plead for Faust's soul, while Una Paenitentium previously Gretchen , also pleading for grace, offers to lead the reborn Faust into the higher spheres of heaven.
Mater Gloriosa grants her wish. All of the transient, Is parable, only: The insufficient, Here, grows to reality: The indescribable, Here, is done: Woman, eternal, Beckons us on. In addition to the Christian motifs, the final scene makes references to an initiation into the ancient mysteries of Isis , in which the initiated learned the mysteries of the goddess Isis by the " epopteia ". Accordingly, Faust wants to see the mystery of Mater gloriosa :.
Mightiest empress of the world, Let me, in the blue Pavilion of the sky unfurl'd, Thy mystery view! Moreover, Faust labels Mater gloriosa as "the heaven's Queen" and "goddess" like in Apuleius ' " The Golden Ass " an important text source for the contemporary access to ancient mysteries  the protagonist is invoking the goddess Isis by those titles.
Required for Kappa. Previous: Colleagues - Part 1. Leads to: Huntsman path - Sadist or Colleagues - Part 3. Other choices: -. The loss of my people on the shoreline is certainly a very unpleasant event, but a new source of medicine is more important. We just need a different approach to this case. My assistant managed to bribe a local from the shoreline to tell us about the Medic we're looking for.
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