It is our formula of the old dismissal apolysis still contained in all liturgies. All the three oldest Roman Ordines contain it. I" says: "When the prayer [Post-Communion] is over, that one of the deacons appointed by the archdeacon looks towards the pontiff to receive a sign from him and then says to the people: Ite missa est. They answer: Deo gratias ed. Atchley, London, , p.
See also "Ordo Rom. II", 15; "Ordo Rom. III", The medieval commentators were much exercised to explain the meaning of the strange expression. Durandus Rationale, IV, 57 suggests several interpretations.
It has been thought that a word is omitted: Ite, missa est finita ; or est is taken absolutely, as meaning "exists", is now an accomplished fact". The real explanation seems to lie rather in interpreting correctly the word missa. Before it became the technical name of the holy Liturgy in the Roman Rite , it meant simply "dismissal".
The form missa for missio is like that of collecta for collectio , ascensa ascensio , etc. So Ite missa est should be translated "Go it is the dismissal. On certain days which have the character of fasting or penance, this versicle is replaced by the words Benedicamus Domino.
The fact is noticed by medieval liturgists e. In spite of repeated commands to expunge them, they were still sung in places when the Missal was revised by order of Pius V in Maria quando dicendum est.
It may be noted here that the Gloria, originally foreign to the Milanese and Mozarabic Rites , has displaced the older Trisagion in them since the seventh century—an obvious Roman importation Duchesne, op. It is to be said in Mass whenever the Te Deum is said at Matins —with two exceptions. It is therefore omitted on ferias except in Easter -tide , Ember days, vigils, during Advent , and from Septuagesima till Easter , when the Mass is de tempore. The feast of Holy Innocents , but not its octave, is kept with purple vestments and without the Te Deum or Gloria.
The two cases in which it occurs without the Te Deum in the Office are Maundy Thursday when the whole Mass is an exception in Passion-tide and has no correspondence with the canonical hours and Holy Saturday in the first Easter Mass. That is no longer observed. Meanwhile the deacon and subdeacon stand behind him in line. They then come to his right and left and with him continue the Gloria in a low voice.
They then go per viam breviorem genuflecting first, according to the usual rule to the sedilia and sit. Obviously, when a plainsong Mass is sung, the celebrant should intone the Gloria to the same chant and at the same pitch as its continuation by the choir. In a figured Mass so exact a correspondence is not possible. Ite, missa est. Sprachen , p. There are many parallels in medieval Latin, collecta, ingressa, confessa, accessa, ascensa — all for forms in -io.
It does not mean an offering mittere , in the sense of handing over to God , but the dismissal of the people, as in the versicle: 'Ite missa est' Go, the dismissal is made.
Liturgy of the Mass. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. It has been thought that a word is omitted: Ite, missa est finita ; or est is taken absolutely, as meaning 'exists, is now an accomplished fact'".
Fortescue Honorium Augustod. Rupertum lib. Du Cange, et al. Nor is it the participle feminine of mittere , with a noun understood "oblatio missa ad Deum", "congregatio missa", i.
Sprachen", , and others. They answer: Deo gratias " Ordo I , ed. Atchley, London, , p. The tone of the first Kyrie should always be used. In figured masses the Ite missa est should be sung to the tone of the plain-song mass provided for the occasion. From Holy Saturday till White Saturday Sabbatum in albis , inclusively, two Alleluias are added to both versicle and response; in this case they have a special melody the first in the Missal , which does not correspond to the Kyrie.
At all Requiems in the same manner he sings, to the tone provided in the Missal. Requiescant in pace in the plural, even when Mass is said for one person -- S. As soon as the deacon has finished his versicle the celebrant turns back to the altar and waits; the deacon and subdeacon kneel on the suppedaneum. When the answer of the choir is finished the celebrant says the prayer Placeat and then gives the blessing. The celebrant himself says Benedicamus Domino or Requiescant in pace in a low voice while the deacon sings, because these are prayers.
He does not say Ite missa est , because this is an announcement to the people. At a sung Mass the celebrant sings the deacon's part, at a low Mass he says it. Otherwise there is no change. Order Now More Info. Get the CatholiCity Message. Present Ritual At high Mass, as soon as the last Post-Communion is ended, the celebrant and ministers go to the middle of the altar and stand in line.
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