It may be true that a genuine King Augvald once lived at Avaldsnes. It may also be true that he really did have two daughters who fought side-by-side with their father in all his many battles. It is equally probable that Augvald was the name given to whoever may have ruled over this protruding part of the coastline, controlling the maritime traffic in and out of the strait Karmsund; a person who served both political and ritual functions. Then what so of the sacred cow and the shiled-maidens?
These may also have been real, living creatures, though they could just as likely have been part of a process of worship, used by people to come in closer contact with the gods. Red dots mark sites connected with the realm of s. Opedal, Oslo He also credits pastor Krogh from Skudenes for the useful historical and topographical information he provided.
It is clear from the tone of the text that a large proportion of his material is drawn from the legend of Halv. Hansen writes:. On both sides of the island as well as his place of residence, he controlled important outlets to the North Sea, such as: Hinderager-Vaagen and Vikingstad-Vaagen, outside which the Faroes and many other islands lie. Gundvold, who was responsible for the upbringing of his son Josur, was named Earl of the northern regions of these Hordaland provinces.
Hior was a wise and powerful sovereign, praised for his work in reuniting Hordaland and Rogaland. Arfrid Opedal has looked at the extent of the 8th century kingdom in Rogaland and Hordaland that was ruled by the king buried in the Storhaug ship. She finds a remarkable coincidence. According to written sources, this is also the area that royal families in Western Norway fight over in the generations to come after Augvald.
He had soon gathered 60 of the finest warriors from 11 counties with whom he carried out raiding missions in Austerveg for a period of 18 years. It has been said of Half and his army of warriors that they never once lowered their sail or searched for a port, choosing rather to lie at the outermost coastal point.
Half and his warriors would not dress their wounds until at least a day had passed and they used short, single-edged Saxon swords to bring them closer to the enemy.
They had a reputation for never attacking women or children. Half was the king of both Rogaland and Hordaland. The fire cost Half his life. Innstein was the father of Ottar, the main characters in the poem Hyndluljod.
I have placed his age at 40 and the date of his journey around the year Each generation is calculated on average as covering 30 years, though it may be more accurate to assume a gap of 25 years between each generation. He believes these lost generations can be found in another part of The Book of Settlement of Iceland Landnamabok :.
The Book of Settlemen t includes Ulf Skjalge as an early settler. It would appear that a generation has been skipped between Utrygg Ublaudson and Ulf Skjalge. Munch feels the latter to be closer to the truth and follows the assertion that Vikar is the son of Harald. He also doubt the very existence of Alrek Hordakonge. The Saga of Half , which Munch otherwise considers being the most trustworthy, concentrates on the lineage of Half and mentions Vikar only in passing. Orlyg Gamle and his son Valtjoft left together for Iceland and are fourth and fifth generation descendants of Hjall respectively.
Innstein is the father of Ottar who learns of his own genealogy and the genealogy of others through the poem Hyndluljod. The lineage above is an attempt at systemizing some of the information of Rygish, Hordish and Egdish royal lineage based on details gleaned from some of the oldest available literature. We can create several ancient scenarios of what actually happened from the information at hand. It is, however, difficult to determine what is historically accurate. Several factors contribute to this ambiguity,among them are:.
It is this kingdom, according to the ancient legends, that the warring families of Rogaland and Hordaland were later to fight over. The Flatey Book even allows the Agder lineage, through Trym, to die out after just a few generations. Vikar was later to acquire Telemark and Oppland, though he was later killed by his friend Starkad. Alrek of Hordaland would appear to be a fictive person named after the mountain range, Ulriken.
The motive for erasing Harald Agdekonge from the history books requires further investigation. He was, after all, the king The Saga of Gautrek honoured with uniting Hordaland, Rogaland and Agder to one great kingdom.
Harald Agdekonge was denied such an honour and not even The Saga of Gautrek mentions his ancestors. The prophecy is fulfilled in The Saga of Gautrek in which Vikar, on his way from Agder to Hordaland, is treacherously slain by his best friend, the legendary Starkad. This murder is carried out at the request of Odin. Since then I have been lost, wandering unknown paths away from Hordaland, my mind mournful, missing my king, my soul filled with sorrow. Translation M. S Vea.
We are told that the people of Hordaland react strongly to this episode after the death of Vikar. It is precisely this kind of contradiction in the ancient manuscripts that have lead researchers to consider these ancient legends unfit for use as historical sources. We may ask the questions: Are Augvald and Harald Agdekonge the same person? Were they nephews who both felt they could lay claim to certain areas in Hordaland, Rogaland and Agder?
Was this fight for control of these areas in reality a fight between brothers, their heirs and their followers, similar to that which we later see in the power struggles during the Viking Age and the civil war era. From the Sagas of the Norwegian Kings we are familiar with the system of banqueting; kings toured a variety of estates, taking up temporary residence. Asgaut Steinnes believes that parts of south-western Norway practiced an unusual form of taxation known as utskyld, a system that was operative before the unification of Norway.
It is therefore unlikely that a royal family owned only one specific allodium in a particular area. On the contrary, Avaldsnes may have been a site that was conquered by a variety of opponents. Those who gained control of Avaldsnes also had control of the coast.
Avaldsnes, and the adjacent Strait of Karmsund, has been known throughout history as an important mythical site for seats of power, and is closely tied to the establishment of dynasties and the royal lineage originating from the gods.
The conflict of which the ancient legends speak may also mirror a battle between political and religious power. Ei tilinavausmaksua. Toggle navigation Toggle cart Go. Language fi en ru Login Register. We ship worldwide! Credit cards and PayPal accepted. Home Metal Ancient Trolltaar. Ancient : Trolltaar. Add to wishlist.
Shipping information. Select pickup store. Confirm pickup. In fact I think it is still only if you refer to their early stuff. It's 6minutes and 35 seconds of pure mid-tempo Norwegian black metal and no substitutes accepted. Keyboards are here, but kept to a minimum to give the song an extra push in terms of it being sooooo fucking killer.
Oh and a guitar solo that's doesn't hurt this fact either. And it's only 2 songs. It ends off with a high note that is kind of hard for Ancient to top and that's where the band has failed so many times in terms of trying to make good Black metal nowadays; the complete failure to continue putting out quality BM. But for 's standards Listen to this by a camp-fire in a forest at night and you will not only hear it, but also feel it. Metal Archives loading Username Password Login. Bands alphabetical country genre Labels alphabetical country Reviews R.
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