Model Documents. Model No. Model " H2O to Product Finder. Inches H2O. Instant Funk's sound was new and exciting, solid street funk fused with rock and soul, as their first Salsoul Records album Instant Funk soared to the top of the soul and dance album charts.
Kid Rock's tenth studio album was self-produced with the exception of two songs which were co-produced by Dann Huff and was recorded at his studio in Michigan. Tracker features eleven new Knopfler songs inspired by a wide range of subjects including authors Beryl Bainbridge and Basil Bunting.
Over the course of its two-decade existence, Lightning Bolt has revolutionized underground rock in immeasurable ways. The duo broke the barrier between stage and audience by setting themselves up on the floor in the midst of the crowd.
Their momentous live performances and the mania they inspired paved the way for similar tactics used by Dan Deacon and literally hundreds of others. It is their first album to be recorded in a proper studio. With Froot , Marina and the Diamonds' first new noise since the death of alter ego Electra Heart in , Marina Diamandis has made a grand statement of intent.
It's a cathartic rebirth in nearly every way, and sees her veer away from the last LP's stylistic and thematic intentions, instead returning to basics for a new chapter in her career and life. From the existential tribulations of "Immortal," harking back to her days as lithe ivory-tinkling balladeer, to the relentless funk of "Better Than That," to the wit and juxtaposition of "Happy" to the '70s-flecked "I'm A Ruin", this is all Marina And The Diamonds.
Nun's unrelenting aesthetic sense penetrates every aspect of this record, resulting in a remarkably cohesive work of art.
The music is danceable and poppy, yet sad and inclusive, aggressive, and heavy as hell. Solo electric guitar performance recorded at the Brooklyn offices of Triple Canopy magazine, as part of their annual marathon reading of Gertrude Stein's novel The Making Of Americans. Explores the rhythms and repetitions of Stein's language using Fender Telecaster, Music Man amplifier, and the acoustics of a very small room. Durham is now not quite 43, the year he thought a man "gets handsome. Things are good.
Then, after ten years, he picks up a guitar again, and songs come out: a song about memories of a home invasion "Slow Dancing" , a song about an affair with a married man "Non-Fiction" , a song about the Octopus Project "Die Young" , a song about ghosts rising from the floor and young families hanging by their necks from trees "The Afterlives" , a song about a cat named Thurston "Weird Weather" , songs about childhood, secrets and desire, songs of the sounds made in the wilderness.
We are the animals there. Thomas Episcopal Church in New York, which he had daily access to between Part Chimp turn in two scorchers, "Dr. This is a remastered reissue of their EP, now regarded as a seminal deathrock release largely due to the dark, heavily flanged guitar work, morbid imagery, and anti-religious lyrical themes. Deluxe gatefold packaging also includes guitarist Mark Ferelli's horror zine I Pyramids emerged seemingly out of nowhere with their self-titled debut LP released by Hydra Head Records in A Northern Meadow is Pyramids' proper follow-up to their lauded debut.
Dark, dreamy and lush while at the same time claustrophobic, mechanically crawling and surgically cold. White vinyl. Rooted in an electronic nightmare set to overlapping Throbbing Gristle comparisons, it all starts with a nervous little throb that evolves into a poisonously aromatic nightbloom, drowning in an inescapable whisper, as each song emerges and hovers over you.
New album from the Australian musician, activist, and surfer. Xavier Rudd's voice is soaring, plaintive and deeply emotive. There's a poignancy, intimacy and gravitas he achieves with each utterance that makes nearly every moment worth remembering. German instrumental duo Sankt Otten, founded in , consists of Stephan Otten drums, programming, synthesizer and Oliver Klemm guitar, synthesizer, piano.
The duo has been releasing albums on Denovali Records since Their eighth album , Engtanz Depression "close dance depression" , expresses a significant progression from the preceding album trilogy Gottes Synthesizer , Sequencer Liebe , Messias Maschine. New drum sounds and acoustic instruments such as harmonium and piano may be found, and some pieces emerged from free improvisations, which is a completely new approach for this band.
There's no doubt that both of the artists on this split release are influenced by that sound. Majeure, the solo project of Zombi drummer A. Paterra, has received a lot of attention via two albums on Temporary Residence, a remix record released in , and a split with Steve Moore, while German duo Sankt Otten is equally well known after releasing six albums and several EPs.
Features the hit "Baby Got Back. Features a limited edition lenticular cover of an animated joint that lights up and smokes. This is the first time Boogie Nights has been available on vinyl. New album from the Christian band.
On Human , Three Days Grace re-teamed with producer Gavin Brown who produced the band's platinum-selling self-titled debut album. An LP for "the kids" and about "the kids," Purple Skies, Toxic River captures the electrifying, agonizing, alienating, turgid miasma of youth.
Perfect for the ears of every kid out there with tattered jeans and badges on their jackets, reassuring them that though it will take long than they'd like, it will eventually all be fine. Limited edition color vinyl. Some of the most feral, bleak, burned-out tape music from Dominick Fernow; includes drum reduced to scorching blasts against harrowing darkside chords, haunting chorales and chiming percussions, and scything techno roil, and draws aesthetic lines between ambient black metal, Coil, and early Autechre.
Katie Crutchfield's southern roots are undeniable. The name of her solo musical project Waxahatchee comes from a creek not far from her childhood home in Alabama and seems to represent both where she came from and where she's going. Waxahatchee's latest record, Ivy Tripp , drifts confidently from its predecessors and brings forth a more informed and powerful recognition of where Crutchfield has currently found herself.
And yet, despite its homegrown Gypsy wanderings, the songs taken together offer an undeniable and undeniably cohesive chain of charm. For over fifteen years, Zu's modus operandi of straddling and abusing musical genres has resulted in over fifteen unique album releases across labels such as Ipecac, Atavistic and Headz Japan.
Their experimental amalgam of metal, math, no-wave, noise and electronics, led acclaimed composer John Zorn to describe their sound as "a powerful and expressive music that totally blows away what most bands do these days. The last of these was 's Big Man , the score for a musical play based on the John Henry "the steel driving man" American folk legend. As the story goes, the musician in question grew up in Glasgow and later moved to Manchester, where he met his future wife and eventually followed her stateside to get married.
Here in the US, he started recording on a Tascam 8-track with pawnshop instruments, and American Wrestlers was born. The band formed in and have since been surgically carving their path in the modern death metal scene.
For fans of Monarch! Disc One contains the newly remastered audio of the original album while Disc Two features previously unreleased alternate takes and mixes and new mixes based on recently unearthed original multi-track tapes.
Vinyl versions are HQgm pressings. Such is the case with Jessie Baylin, whose ethereal voice shoots the opening notes of Dark Place , her fourth album, into instant emotive territory — it envelops in a mysterious gauze, setting the stage for what is her most raw, personal work yet and also her most thrilling.
Once again pairing with Shins keyboardist Richard Swift as producer and writing partner, Baylin recorded Dark Place at Swift's National Freedom studio in Cottage Grove, OR over a slew of stirringly prolific days—a characteristic that has come to define the duo's collaborative process. Full of string Rickenbacker jangle, Day Breakaway may look back to the sounds of old but it has a bright and contemporary new sonic attack and is packed with cool harmonies.
The garage influences add a bit of fuzz and a touch of psychedelia, while some songs have a pure pop edge. An album five years in the making; Broken Bone Ballads was produced by Canadian beatsmith Factor and features some of Ceschi's most raw and viceral lyrics to-date.
Captain Of None is a collection of delicate, otherworldly pop songs incorporating dub-inspired techniques and is Colleen's first album for Thrill Jockey following previous works on the Leaf label. Coryell is known. Her somber acoustic tunes have been described as grieving and sparse, with a nod in the direction of Townes Van Zandt and Gram Parsons, whose "Rake" and "A Song For You" she covers on her debut album.
Dust Clouds May Exist is flawlessly crafted, featuring catchy hooks and memorable riffs, exuberant and melancholy. It's also an experimental opus, utilizing mellotrons, crumhorns, and portatif organ, alongside guitars, drums and piano.
Hushed whispers, damaged screams, sax, flute, searing guitar, unhinged drums, bent circuitry, and more careen within hypnotic freakouts, poetic songs, and crushing feedback. Their combination of musical prowess and blindingly fast songs landed them a contract with Combat Records home to such heavy hitting acts as Exodus, Circle Jerks and Megadeth at the time and put them at the forefront of the crossover movement of the mid-'80s which merged the raw power of hardcore punk with the complexity of heavy metal.
Their name hails from a fictional story the Holljeses' mother intended to write about a Southern girl named Delta Rae who summons the Greek gods to earth. Doldrums apply a punk rock ethos to electronic music, creating songs using samplers and DJ gear in place of guitars.
Bold, anxious, dream-like, uplifting, glacial, hypnotic, constricting, expansive, alien - this is an album that is ever-changing. He explains: "I always wanted to make quite sophisticated music using very unsophisticated means.
The whole vibe of the album is certainly trying to force errors by making unlikely connections and seeing what happens. Get under the presentation and, well, it's still '80s. A permanent move to Europe in the late s saw Tav based first in Paris, and subsequently Vienna, and an expansion of Panther's Burns raw garage sound to embrace Stax, lounge and even Argentinean tango influences. Each of these reissues has been expanded with a bonus live show.
Herbst continued her training at Bard College where she studied voice and composition under the tutelage of Joan Tower, Zeena Parkins and Marina Rosenfeld.
Her work has already been showcased at Robert Wilson's Watermill Center, as well as Roulette, who in commissioned and premiered her first opera Bodiless. Herbst's experience writing for chamber orchestra and mixed instrumentation inspired her to develop a repertoire of short-form, vocal-centric compositions under the name GABI.
Together they had already established a high degree of bandstand chemistry as the touring band for James Taylor, as well as with their debut release, Gadditude.
Led by Ghent's magnetic presence, powerful voice and mind-boggling guitar skill, the band's live show makes an indelible impression on all who experience it. It is recognized as one of metal's most technical and complex albums, consisting of many experimental and dissonant melodies, and strange rhythms. All 34 tracks have been remixed and mastered, and is available in three formats: standard edition CD one CD of the entire set with Toots, plus two additional Mule-only reggae songs , standard edition vinyl two HQgm vinyl LPs of the Toots set, plus two additional Mule-only reggae songs and a download code for the digital files , and a deluxe edition three CDs of the entire three-hour performance, plus a DVD of only the entire reggae set with Toots Hibbert.
Primal and orchestral, it retains the Hackett trademark as electric guitar runs right the way through with a regular sprinkling of acoustic.
Deluxe adds a Blu-ray containing a 5. The record covers every aspect of this life, the characters, the love, the heartbreak, the comedy and the longing. Received an 8. From his humble beginnings as an Oklahoma folkie in the '60s to his wild ride through the '70s progressive country movement, and onward through the honky-tonk fog of the '80s to his sobriety-empowered comeback as a song writer's songwriter in the '90s. Taking inspiration from landmark dub albums by Burning Spear, Aswad, and others, the new release features the entire sequence from Kings And Queens mixed by a who's who of dub champions including Ticklah, Dubmatix, Dubfader of 10 Ft.
His best tracks are absolute bangers, but they don't just smash through speakers; they have a way of hovering in the air" — Stereogum. Deluxe adds a disc of remixes. Comprised of 15 tracks, Sisu is a veritable grab bag of acoustic genres and instrumentation, replete with guitar, piano, banjo, accordion, violin, glockenspiel, vibraphone, melodica and ukulele.
From the haunting honkytonk piano on "Paper Tigers" to the galloping rhythm and surf guitar accents on "Howls From The Gale," Sisu weaves its way through country, blues, acoustic indie, bluegrass, and both American and Irish folk. Recorded between the band s hometowns of Brooklyn, NY and Athens, GA, the sound of Kuromarama most closely resembles that of an artisanal prescription spectrum of liquefied jolly rancher, each flavor each color imbued with a solace wrung from the depths of a salty ocean trench.
With one foot deep in the heart of the American musical tradition and the other firmly planted in the present, he continually challenges the notion that tradition-bearers fail to push musical boundaries. An eclectic writer and performer, he incorporates elements of early jazz, ragtime, country blues, Western swing, and beyond, transcending the confines of genre to present a sound very much his own. Treated with a heavier dose of catchy rhythms and traditional drum kit percussion throughout, the 12 tracks on Something In The Water see LaFarge's sound imbued with new life.
Produced by kindred spirit Jimmy Sutton, the album showcases his peerless gifts as a songwriter, performer, and entertainer, and further solidifies his place at the forefront of American music. Sinikka's kanteles -- string, string, and string table-harps -- seem to carry archaic echoes older than folk tradition. Listeners familiar with his debut, Nostalchic , will know that Stuart Howard's woozy, infectious rhythms, enveloping textures and unfamiliarly familiar melodies conjure that territory perfectly.
Lapalux attracted the direct attention of Brainfeeder label owner and electronic music icon Flying Lotus in , and was quickly snapped up by the imprint. Chris St. Hilaire and Tash Neal have assembled a collection of songs full of swagger and accidental perfection that perfectly encapsulates their intuitive approach to making music.
Not that the album isn't without its tender moments — the Zeppelin-y 'Isabel' and Alecia Chakour-assisted album closer 'Run Zombie Run' are particularly gentle tunes.
By and large though, this record is rife with boozy swing, crunchy guitars and thunderous drums. The new record was written and produced by frontman Ben Schneider and recorded at the band's own Whispering Pines studio in Los Angeles. Strange Trails is an anthology of weird fiction -- a new track collection of tales from the world introduced on Lonesome Dreams.
Schneider explains, "There's no direct narrative connection between the two albums. The stories here are separated by time, location and characters. Many of the themes have carried over and evolved. The album was recorded live at the Monterey Jazz Festival on September 21, Sound Prints takes their primary inspiration from the music of their primary inspiration Wayne Shorter the band's name is a nod to his classic Footprints however the quintet s focus is on new original compositions by Lovano and Douglas, as well as two new Shorter compositions in direct collaboration with the composer himself.
Showcasing Rundle's exceptional playing more vividly than the dense architecture of the Sparowes could allow, Marriages' departure from purely instrumental rock, too, helped bring her to the forefront, revealing a voice equally fragile and ferocious. Enlisting Sparowes drummer Dave Clifford, they released Kitsune in Subsequent touring with Russian Circles, Deafheaven and others honed their vision while introducing the band to a broad cross-section of heavy music fans. Full time drummer Andrew Clinco Drab Majesty completed the equation in late , the final component in Marriages' frequently epic postpunk-by-way-of-stoner-rock sound.
Praised by Stereogum for her vocal prowess and "walloping guitars," Mitski has already grabbed the attention of a growing audience in her hometown of Brooklyn, NY. Another quality installment in the Coast 2 Coast mixtape series. Casualty, Dolce Jiggs, J. Rip, Warren G, Messy Marv and many others. Mother Mother's sound mixes Pixies and Arcade Fire with great harmonies and a bit of electronica thrown in.
A story involving time travel, a post-apocalyptic America, and text-based RPG games, the book opened to critical and commercial acclaim, earning a spot on the New York Times Bestsellers list and a nomination for the National Book Award.
His next project is equally ambitious: a new Mountain Goats concept album about pro wrestling. As Darnielle explains, professional wrestling "was an avenue of escape for me when I was a kid. Wrestling was low-budget working class entertainment back then, strictly UHF material.
It was cheap theater. You had to bring your imagination to the proceedings and you got paid back double. I wrote these songs to re-immerse myself in the blood and fire of the visions that spoke to me as a child, and to see what more there might be in them now that I'm grown.
Parts of XTLP may conjure up blissful rave memories in the heads of some of the older among you. Eponymous debut LP from this DC-based psych rock quartet. The group's jazz-folk eventually warped into an ambient electronic sound, but that only led to a bigger following and more acclaim. But in , Keir Vine left the band, just three years after replacing original member Nick Mulvey.
Rather than fold, the remaining trio — Duncan Bellamy, Milo Fitzpatrick and Jack Wyllie — decided to reinvent themselves as simply Portico. These are the late night conversations you have with your friends. The idle nights and empty bottles, the hard questions that come after you realize the world might not be yours.
He says the songs were inspired by an existential crisis—he calls it 'my surreal expat therapy record'—and on the lead single 'Some Days I'm Golden All Night,' he grapples with some of his faults, but it's far from a heavy listen. Rouse offsets the confessional lyrics with a arrangement of vibraphone, steel guitar, and gently propulsive drums that gives his bluntly honest self-assessment a remarkable buoyancy, as well as a more-than-passing resemblance to the softly rocking countrypolitan sound that came out of Nashville during the '70s.
Propelled by the powerfully emotional voice of Mlny Parsonz, Royal Thunder seamlessly blends the great parts of heavy classic rock, '90s grunge and the forward thinking guitar heroics of contemporary metal bands like Mastodon and Baroness. This triple-disc version of their album Heroes features the original album expanded in deluxe packaging with a pair of live sets. Stylistically, the album is roughly split between techno, ambient, and IDM, with one foot in the living room and one foot in the club.
Features nine bonus tracks, including all tracks from the Girls Don't Count and Haunted singles as well as rare compilation tracks and album outtake "Human Puppets. Her most personally-charged songwriting and her most urgent, impassioned multi-octave range singing to date, along with vivid, adventurous arrangements that show off her fiercely expressive guitar work, the album includes unique takes on hits by Frank Ocean, Usher and Steve Winwood. With an average age of 21, the five members of Sworn In have delivered a sonic landscape full of unexpected twists and extreme musical dualities.
The new album not only expands on Sworn In's debut, The Death Card , but also takes the listener on an unforgettable, yet disturbing aural journey. An undeniably great record start to finish. Stables sings and plays guitar, trumpet, percussion and banjo throughout the record, but you'll especially notice the way she handles a banjo, turning an often hackneyed sound into a thing of delicacy. Heavy, poetic lyrics are more spoken than sung, recalling the urgency and straightforwardness of cult bands like The Van Pelt or Life Without Buildings, while each song builds on a patchwork of grainy samples, dreamlike guitar figures and deftly produced clashes of organic instrumentation and vintage synth textures.
Features a guest appearance from Andrew W. Vinyl version pressed on clear gold wax. While it is obvious that each song is crafted around a personally meaningful experience, Chaz seems to purposefully leave the lyrics just vague enough to let each listener mold it into something unique.
He presents you with a few themes: love, beauty, nature; and gently lets go of your hand so you can wander off on your own. What For? Trouble Funk helped to popularize Washington, DC's local funk subgenre known as go-go. Throughout their career, the band has sometimes shared the stage with hardcore punk bands of such as Minor Threat and the Big Boys.
Also available on stand-alone DVD. This live double-CD features new arrangements of his classic material and fan favorites, including material from his latest album, 's The Story Of Light. Available as separate volumes on vinyl. His approach to deconstructing and reconstructing tracks would also help to popularize the idea of the remix, and he's worked with all sort of artists over the years, from Depeche Mode to Nine Inch Nails and Primal Scream. At The Controls Volume 1 highlights Sherwood's capacity as a DJ and live sound engineer, and is the first part of a new campaign of reissues by his long-running label.
His fifth album Foreign Affairs had been released the month before. On October 22nd he'd been at Cincinnati's infamous hole in the wall, Bogart's, and on 25th this show, at the well-established Agora Ballroom in Cleveland, was performed in front of an enthusiastic crowd. If you understand this particular code, then the Waterboys' latest album is likely to induce a state of rapture.
Modern Blues is a rich, aromatic stew of classic rock and beat poetics, with Scott on a quasi-mystical quest to comprehend his own muse and every band member playing out of their skins.
Running Back is Weed's second full-length, following 's Deserve , expressing a fuller self-knowledge both musically and meditatively. Album track "Stay In The Summer," is "a blaring, funereal dissection of the sadder side of nostalgia.
Deliberately, but prettily disdainful in melody and forlorn in voice, the guitar chugs along in heavy resonance, slamming on whammy bars and dipping the tones to irk notions of longing for the past, while distant, watery vocals smooth everything over in a numbing coldness. Walks For Motorists is the band's definitive statement, showcasing a new intensity for the band, emphasizing rhythm and groove.
Possibly surprising to fans familiar with the Hawkwindian guitar squall of earlier albums, the songs on Walks For Motorists began as a keyboard melody or bass line, and several songs on the album don't even feature guitar at all. This is propulsive, open music, surreal to its core but made to inspire people to get out of their seats and move.
Along with performances from a number of longtime musical peers, including several of his former Beach Boys bandmates, Wilson's new LP boasts Kacey Musgraves, fun. Wilson began working on his 11th solo LP with longtime collaborator Joe Thomas in as the Beach Boys reunited for their 50th anniversary, touring the country and releasing a new album, That's Why God Made The Radio. Initially, Wilson intended to record his new songs with the Beach Boys, but when the songwriter and group parted ways once again, he sought out guest singers to help finish the job.
Deluxe adds three bonus tracks. It's within that rich history that Metzger stands to be recognized as one of the next great torchbearers. Born and raised in Detroit, she was influenced by a range of artists from the likes of Minnie Riperton to the Isley Brothers. In an exchange over the name of the album, trio member Alloysious Massaquoi argued sticking with this title suggestion after some in their camp thought of scrapping it: "We came at it from a different angle, a positive angle.
It's got issues of race and so what? Why should alarm bells start ringing, even though in general conversations race, politics, sex and religion are always the subject matter? Why should it be discussed behind closed doors and never confronted head on?
The documentary was made concurrently with Foo Fighters' eighth album, Sonic Highways. Grohl described the project as "a love letter to the history of American music. This set includes ten extended interviews and more than minutes of never before seen footage. Device Tour, Kampfbereit puts you front row and center at a concert of one of the original seminal industrial bands. This live DVD features new arrangements of his classic material and fan favorites, including material from his latest album, 's The Story Of Light.
The DVD also includes over three hours of a video diary showing Steve and his band in rehearsals and goes through highlights from some the shows they played around the world. Paris will sit down for edgy, in depth conversations with a multitude of unexpected guests. She will interview people in a way that only Paris can. Questions and topics that are surprising and unanticipated. Honest, fun, open, inspiring and unpredictable.
Loves it. Paris Hilton is an influencer, DJ, designer, recording artist, philanthropist, host, actress, model and author. Now, you can get closer and more personal than ever with Paris each week.
The common suggestions that it calls for a brief musical interlude or for a brief liturgical response by the congregation are plausible but unproven the former may be supported by the Septuagint rendering.
In some instances its present placement in the Hebrew text is highly questionable. Hebrew superscriptions to the Psalms acquaint us with an ancient system of classification: 1 mizmor "psalm" ; 2 shiggaion see note on Ps 7 title ; 3 miktam see note on Ps 16 title ; 4 shir "song" ; 5 masvkil see note on Ps 32 title ; 6 tephillah "prayer" ; 7 tehillah "praise" ; 8 lehazkir "for being remembered" -- i.
The meaning of many of these terms, however, is uncertain. In addition, some titles contain two of these especially mizmor and shir , indicating that the types are diversely based and overlapping. Analysis of content has given rise to a different classification that has proven useful for study of the Psalms. The main types that can be identified are: 1 prayers of the individual e. This classification also involves some overlapping.
For example, "prayers of the individual" may include prayers of the king in his special capacity as king or even prayers of the community speaking in the collective first person singular. Nevertheless, it is helpful to study a psalm in conjunction with others of the same type.
Attempts to fix specific liturgical settings for each type have not been very convincing. For those psalms about which something can be said in this regard see introductions to the individual psalms. Of all these psalm types, the prayers both of the individual and of the community are the most complex. Several speech functions are combined to form these appeals to God: 1 address to God: "O Lord," "my God," "my deliverer"; 2 initial appeal: "Arise," "Answer me," "Help," "Save me"; 3 description of distress: "Many are rising against me," "The wicked attack," "I am in distress"; 4 complaint against God: "Why have you forsaken me?
Though not all these appear in every prayer, they all belong to the conventions of prayer in the Psalter, with petition itself being but one usually brief element among the rest. When beset by wicked adversaries, the petitioners appeal to God for a hearing, describe their situation, plead their innocence "righteousness" , lodge their accusations against their adversaries, and appeal for deliverance and judicial redress.
When suffering at the hands of God when God is their adversary , they confess their guilt and plead for mercy.
Attention to these various speech functions and their role in the psalmists' judicial appeals to the heavenly Judge will significantly aid the reader's understanding of these psalms. It should be noted that reference to "penitential" and "imprecatory" psalms as distinct psalm "types" has no basis in the Psalter collection itself. The former "penitential" refers to an early Christian selection of seven psalms 6 ; 32 ; 38 ; 51 ; ; ; for liturgical expressions of penitence; the latter "imprecatory" is based on a misconstrual of one of the speech functions found in the prayers.
What are actually appeals to the heavenly Judge for judicial redress function 8 noted above are taken to be curses "imprecation" means "curse" pronounced by the psalmists on their adversaries. See note on The Psalter is from first to last poetry, even though it contains many prayers and not all OT prayers were poetic see 1Ki ; Ezr ; Ne ; Da -- nor, for that matter, was all praise poetic see 1Ki The Psalms are impassioned, vivid and concrete; they are rich in images, in simile and metaphor.
Assonance, alliteration and wordplays abound in the Hebrew text. Effective use of repetition and the piling up of synonyms and complements to fill out the picture are characteristic. Key words frequently highlight major themes in prayer or song.
Enclosure repetition of a significant word or phrase at the end that occurs at the beginning frequently wraps up a composition or a unit within it. The notes on the structure of the individual psalms often call attention to literary frames within which the psalm has been set.
Hebrew poetry lacks rhyme and regular meter. Its most distinctive and pervasive feature is parallelism. Most poetic lines are composed of two sometimes three balanced segments the balance is often loose, with the second segment commonly somewhat shorter than the first.
The second segment either echoes synonymous parallelism , contrasts antithetic parallelism or syntactically completes synthetic parallelism the first. These three types are generalizations and are not wholly adequate to describe the rich variety that the creativity of the poets has achieved within the basic two-segment line structure.
When the second or third segment of a poetic line repeats, echoes or overlaps the content of the preceding segment, it usually intensifies or more sharply focuses the thought or its expression. They can serve, however, as rough distinctions that will assist the reader. In the NIV the second and third segments of a line are slightly indented relative to the first. Determining where the Hebrew poetic lines or line segments begin or end scanning is sometimes an uncertain matter. Even the Septuagint the pre-Christian Greek translation of the OT at times scans the lines differently from the way the Hebrew texts now available to us do.
It is therefore not surprising that modern translations occasionally differ. A related problem is the extremely concise, often elliptical writing style of the Hebrew poets. The syntactical connection of words must at times be inferred simply from context. Where more than one possibility presents itself, translators are confronted with ambiguity.
They are not always sure with which line segment a border word or phrase is to be read. The stanza structure of Hebrew poetry is also a matter of dispute. Occasionally, recurring refrains mark off stanzas, as in Ps ; In Ps two balanced stanzas are divided by their introductory oracles see also introduction to Ps , while Ps devotes eight lines to each letter of the Hebrew alphabet.
For the most part, however, no such obvious indicators are present. The NIV has used spaces to mark off poetic paragraphs called "stanzas" in the notes. Usually this could be done with some confidence, and the reader is advised to be guided by them. But there are a few places where these divisions are questionable -- and are challenged in the notes.
Close study of the Psalms discloses that the authors often composed with an overall design in mind. This is true of the alphabetic acrostics, in which the poet devoted to each letter of the Hebrew alphabet one line segment as in Ps , or a single line as in Ps 25 ; 34 ; , or two lines as in Ps 37 , or eight lines as in Ps In addition Ps 33 ; 38 ; each have 22 lines, no doubt because of the number of letters in the Hebrew alphabet see Introduction to Lamentations: Literary Features.
The oft-voiced notion that this device was used as a memory aid seems culturally prejudiced and quite unwarranted. Actually people of that time were able to memorize far more readily than most people today.
It is much more likely that the alphabet -- which was relatively recently invented as a simple system of symbols capable of representing in writing the rich and complex patterns of human speech and therefore of inscribing all that can be put into words one of the greatest intellectual achievements of all time -- commended itself as a framework on which to hang significant phrases. Other forms were also used.
Ps 44 is a prayer fashioned after the design of a ziggurat a Babylonian stepped pyramid; see note on Ge A sense of symmetry is pervasive. There are psalms that devote the same number of lines to each stanza as Ps 12 ; 41 , or do so with variation only in the introductory or concluding stanza as Ps 38 ; 83 ; Others match the opening and closing stanzas and balance those between as Ps 33 ; A particularly interesting device is to place a key thematic line at the very center, sometimes constructing the whole or part of the poem around that center see note on Still other design features are pointed out in the notes.
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